Kindergarten Foundational Skills

Kindergarten Resources for Families
Common Core State Standards: English Language Arts Foundational Skills

Print Concepts

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.1- Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.




CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.1a

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.

When reading with your child slide your finger under the words.

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.1b

Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.1c

Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.

At story time point to the words in the title. Help your child to count the number of words and the number of letters in words.

Write short sentences to go with pictures your child has drawn. Cut up the sentence and have your child move the words around to put them in the correct order.

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.1d

Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

ABC Song – print and sing with your child while pointing to each letter.

Beginning Sound Picture Cards – print these cards, cut apart and play sorting games. Ex: Put out only the picture cards that start with B, M, and R- then have your child find the cards for B. Repeat with other letter combinations.

Online Alphabet games @

Alphabet Bingo @ abcya – chose letter name and then click on the matching upper or lowercase letter.

Uppercase & Lowercase Letter Matching @ abcya – click on a lowercase letter, listen to its name, then drag it next to its uppercase match. “Paint” a beautiful rainbow by making correct matches.

Phonological Awareness

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).




CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.2a

Recognize and produce rhyming words.

Online rhyme games @

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.2b

Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words

Have your child clap each syllable of a
word. Ex: Rossi has 2 syllables – Ro/ssi (warning – 1 syllable words are the hardest)

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.2c

Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.

Say the individual phonemes of shorts words like c-a- t with a short pause between each sound. See if your child can blend them back together to form cat!

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.2d

Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel- consonant, or CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

Online Letter Sound games @

Elkonin Boxes cvc word list

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.2e

Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words

Up Words! (a family board game) This game is like Scrabble only letter tiles can be placed on top of one another to make new words – change ‘men’ into ‘hen’ and then ‘pen’

cvc word list – challenge your child to verbally change cvc words into new words. ex: say can you take away “b” in bat and replace it with “c” = bat becomes cat. (note: when playing verbally – say the letter sound not the letter name)

Phonics and Word Recognition

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.




CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.3a

Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to- one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary sound or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.

Alphabet Bingo @ abcya – chose letter sounds and then listen to the sound and match it to the correct upper or lowercase letter.

Alphabet Match @ abcya

Alphabet Linking Chart by Fountas & Pinnell

Online Alphabet books for each letter @

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.3b

Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

Vowel Song

Short vowel chart

While driving to the supermarket or to grandma’s, challenge your kindergartner to identify the vowel sound they hear in short easy words like cat, dog, hill, rug, and bed.

Short vowel songs @ Click on the lowercase vowels at the bottom of the page to hear letter specific songs.

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.3c

Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).

Word Bingo @ abcya – start at the Preprimer level and work your way down the list.

Sight word memory game @

Online Sight word games @

Roll and Write – your child roles one die – says the sight word associated with the number of dots shown and writes it once – then roll again. Make sure your child says the word each time.

CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.3d

Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

Word Matching worksheet from K12 Reader





CCSS.ELA- Literacy.RF.K.4

Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding. online article on increasing early reading fluency